Positioning of technological processes in the structure of transport systems

Receipt date: 
Bibliographic description of the article: 

Komarov A. V. Pozitsionirovanie tekhnologicheskikh protsessov v strukture transportnykh sistem [Positioning of technological processes in the structure of transport systems]. Sovremennye tekhnologii. Sistemnyi analiz. Modelirovanie [Modern Technologies. System Analysis. Modeling], 2020, Vol. 66, No. 2, pp. 163–169. DOI: 10.26731/1813-9108.2020.2(66).163-169

Journal number: 


Article File: 

The complexity of the transport structure is determined by its spatial differentiation, intricate hierarchy and parametric multidimensionality. Theoretically, any system, regardless of its scale and complexity, can be described by a combination of three components, which makes it possible to identify the aforementioned three fundamental principles from a position  necessary in a particular case, in a certain projection. In view of the entitled problem, the most obvious is to present the framework of the transport system with the following three-component base: technical equipment, functioning technology and organizational structure. Consideration of the technological component as a separate system allows one to reveal its inherent properties, its construction, to establish the main factors and mechanisms of influence of the applied technologies on the stability and efficiency of the functioning of transport systems. As a research paradigm, a synergistic approach is used. The internal content of the technological complex as a self-organizing object, is revealed from the standpoint of the self-similarity of its structure, the similarity of the principles of construction and behavior scenarios at all hierarchical levels. This makes it possible to obtain a sequence of projections, each of which is based on a selected sequence at the previous level of decomposition. At each step, a new coordinate axis is formed alongside with the one added at the previous step and remaining relevant in the next projection. The construction of new, more and more detailed projections is carried out up to the required level of the problem being solved. If it is necessary to implement the inductive method, the same algorithm is applied “in the opposite direction”: several constructed sections of a lower hierarchical level are combined by aggregation into one projection of a higher level, generalizing the information contained in its parts. The result is a toolbox for a clear view of both the overall structure and the detailed systematic streamlining of individual transportation technologies.

List of references: 
  1. Тransportnaya sistema Rossii – obshchaya kharakteristika, struktura i znachenie [Transport system of Russia - general characteristics, structure and significance]. Nauka.Club: obrazovatelnyi portal [Nauka.Club: educational portal]. [Electronic media]. URL: https://nauka.club/geografiya/transportnaya-sistema-rossii.html. Accessed December 21, 2019.
  2. Ofitsial'nyi sait ministerstva transporta Rossiiskoi Federatsii: istoriya [Official website of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation: History] [Electronic media]. URL:  https://www.mintrans.ru/ministry/history  Accessed December 20, 2019.
  3. Virginskii V.S. Ocherki istorii nauki i tekhniki XVI-XIX vekov (dо 70s XIX v.) []. Мoscow: Prosveschenie Publ., 1984, 287 p.
  4. Virginskii V.S., Khoteenkov V.F. Ocherki istorii nauki i tekhniki s drevneishikh vremen dо serediny XV v. [Essays on the history of science and technology of the 16th-19th centuries (up to the 70s of the 19th century)]. Мoscow: Prosveschenie Publ., 1993, 288 p.
  5. Grubler A., Nakicenivic N. Evolution of transport systems: past and future. Laxenburg: Intern. Inst. for appl. system analysis, 1991, IX, 97 p.
  6. Komarov A.V. Tekhnologii organizatsii protsessov perevozok v svete evolyutsii transporta [Technologies for organizing transportation processes in the light of transport evolution]. Transportnaya infrastructura Sibirskogo regiona: materialy II mejvuz. nauch.-pract. conf., g. Irkutsk, may 2011 [Transport infrastructure of the Siberian region: materials of the Second interuniversity scientific and practical conf., Irkutsk, May 2011]. Irkutsk: IrGUPS Publ., 2011, Vol. 1, 586 p., pp. 22-26.
  7. Cherkashin A.K. Polisistemnyi analiz i sintez: pril. v geografii [Polysystem analysis and synthesis: appl. in geography]. Novosibirsk: Nauka Publ.: Sib. Predpriyatie Publ., 1997, 499 p.
  8. Ofitsial'nyi sait ministerstva transporta Rossiiskoi Federatsii: struktura [Official website of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation: Structure] [Electronic media]:  https://www.mintrans.ru/ministry/structure. Accessed: December 20, 2019.
  9. Komarov A.V. О neoblhodimosti sinergeticheskogo podkhoda k organizacii perevozochnykh processov [On the need for a synergistic approach to the organization of transportation processes]. Transportnaya infrastructura Sibirskogo regiona: materialy Vseros. nauch.-prakt. conf., T. 1 [Transport infrastructure of the Siberian region: materials of the All-Russian. scientific-practical. conf. Vol. 1]. Irkutsk: IrGUPS Publ., 2013, 289 p., pp. 113-115.
  10. Nickolis G., Prigozhin I. Samoorganizatsia v neravnovesnykh sistemakh. Оt dissipativnykh struktur k uporyadochennosti cherez fluktuatsii [Self-organization in nonequilibrium systems. From dissipative structures to orderliness through fluctuations]. Мoscow: Mir Publ., 1979, 512 p.
  11. Оlemskoi А.I. Sinergetika sloznykh sistem: Fenomenologia i statisticheskaya teoria [Synergetics of complex systems: Phenomenology and statistical theory]. Sinergetika: оt proshlogo k buduschemu [Synergetics: from the past to the future]. Мoscow: LIBROKOM Publ., 2009, 384 p.
  12. Korol’kov B.P. К probleme sozdaniya universal’noi sistemy evolutsii [On the problem of creating a universal system of evolution]. Тransport: nauka, tekhnika, upravlenie [Transport. Science, technology, management], 2002, No. 2, pp. 15 – 18.
  13. Lisenkov V.М. (gen. ed.) Problemy razvitia i ekspluatatsii zheleznykh dorog [Problems of development and operation of railways]. Мoscow: МIIТ Publ., 1990, 168 p.
  14. Gozbenko V.Ye., Kripak M.N., Ivankov A.N. Sovershenstvovanie transportno-ekspeditsionnogo obsluzhivaniya gruzovladel'tsev [Improvement of freight forwarding services for cargo owners]. Irkutsk:  IrGUPS Publ., 2011, 176 p.
  15. Shafirkin V.B. Sovershenstvovanie upravleniya perevozkami [Improvement of transportation management]. Zheleznodorozhnyi transport [Railway transport], 2000, No. 3, pp. 40-46.
  16. Komarov A.V. Razrabotka sinergeticheskogo opisaniya struktury transportnykh sistem na primere zheleznodorozhnogo transporta. Dis…kand. теkhn. nauk [Development of a synergistic description of the structure of transport systems using the example of railway transport. Ph.D. (Engineering) diss.]. Irkutsk, 2002, 166 p.
  17. Korol’kov B.P., Dudakovа А.V. Sistematika ontologii i strukturizatsiya kategorii znanii [Systematics of ontologies and structuring of categories of knowledge]. Mir transporta [World of Transport and Transportation], 2010, No.2, pp. 20-25.
  18. Korol’kov B.P. Universal'nosti v ierarkhicheski strukturirovannykh transportnykh sistemakh [Universality in hierarchically structured transport systems]. Тransport: nauka, tekhnika, upravlenie [Transport: science, technology, management], 2019, No. 8, pp. 59-63.