Creating a model of an unmanned aerial vehicle for help in solving the fire problem in the Irkutsk region

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Kuz’min O.V., Lavlinsky M.V. Creating a model of an unmanned aerial vehicle for help in solving the fire problem in the Irkutsk region [Sozdanie modeli bespilotnykh letatel’nykh apparatov dlya pomoshchi v reshenii problem pozharov v Irkutskoi oblasti]. Sovremennye tekhnologii. Sistemnyi analiz. Modelirovanie [Modern Technologies. System Analysis. Modeling], 2020, Vol. 66, No. 2, pp. 136–143. DOI: 10.26731/1813-9108.2020.2(66).136-143

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Fires are one of the biggest problems in the Irkutsk region. Thousands of hectares of forest burn annually and the situation worsens every year. In 2019, the area of forests destroyed by fire is approximately 1.5 million hectares. Aerial photography for environmental control was used as early as in the last century. Modern technologies have made it possible to significantly expand monitoring capabilities from the air and make it more accessible, which, in turn, helps to quickly prevent and correct emerging environmental problems and help the Ministry of Situations, as well as in solving the problem of forest fires. Thus, the aim of the work is to develop computer-based unmanned aerial vehicle design methods designed to help the Ministry of Emergency Situations in solving the problem of fires in the remote and northern areas of the Irkutsk region. There are four types of forest fires: underground or peat, field or steppe, crown and creeping. Each type has its own special characteristics: propagation territory, speed, area, shape and temperature of the outbreak. However, despite the differences, the possibility of the effective use of unmanned aerial vehicles exists in each case. The classification of unmanned aerial vehicles helped to more accurately determine the optimal drone concept for remote and northern areas of the Irkutsk region. For visualization and computer testing, a three-dimensional model was developed using the SolidWorks 2019 computer-aided design system. In the future, it is planned, using the capabilities of the SolidWorks program, to carry out an engineering analysis of the model, investigate its physical properties and organize computer experiments. The use of this program also allows one to create a complete set of design documentation in accordance with the Unified system of design documentation.

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